"What kind of times are they, when a talk about trees is almost a crime
because it implies silence about so many horrors?"
 Bertolt Brecht

lunes, 4 de junio de 2007

Dry forests of northwestern Peru (Part 1)

Although it is well known that the dry forests of norwhestern Peru are being constantly depredatet by charcoal burners and overgrazing of goats, sheeps and cows and and threatened by big mining- (see here and here) and agro-industrial projects, they are still impressivly extense, especialy if one has seen the situation in the south of the country (see my post from Ica). They are also known to be based on very fragile ecosystems. But then they seem to be incredibly resistent and skilled for survival. They await the rain, reduced to their minimal expression, barren and naked, suffocated by the heat and dust during the dry season, which is most of the year. In the rainy season, from december through april, it might rain occasionaly. Enough for the forest to come out of it’s lean season. But the highlight is the El Niño phenomenon, with heavy rainfall, floods and run-off streams, known as "huaicos". New forests might rise seemingly out of nothing, in deserted areas, and the existent ones turn into real jungles. For several years the forests and the people and animals that live in them and from them thrive in abundance and sumptuousness.
In the following posts I want to show the pictures I took with my little Pentax Optio of different types of these forests, depending of their geographical conditions.
Further I want to make clear that I'm not a "ingeniera forestal", nor a botanist, nor even an environmetalist. I am not a "professiona" of any kind. I just love photography and happen to go along with a botanist, environmental scientist and manager of a conservation and reforestation project, and, of course, I love trees and plants (and don't understand cruelty against them). Therefore, my use of latin names is clumsy and I appologize for errors.

25 comentarios:

American Genius dijo...

Beautiful pictures.
I love trees.

Dwayne dijo...

I have seen on the eastern side of Peru, where they have massive deforestation in the rain forest. First they say they burn the forest, then farm the land, by that time the topsoild is gone and they move on leaving a barren landscape. Why doesn't anyone take the seed of Prosopis Pallida, Acacia Macracantha, Pithicillobium etc, any nitrogen fixing legume shrub and scatter them in the defrested areas? They don't need topsoil, they are able to colonize barren soil and build it up by themselves. Over time this would allow the soil to improve, and then the rainforest trees could sprout in thier shade. Also the thick spiney forest this would make would deter farmers and cattle from returning as the manpower required to clear the land again would be monumental. The barren land would become a forest with "attitude".

Anónimo dijo...

[u][b]Xrumer[/b][/u]

[b]Xrumer SEO Professionals

As Xrumer experts, we secure been using [url=http://www.xrumer-seo.com]Xrumer[/url] fitted a sustained immediately now and grasp how to harness the enormous power of Xrumer and go off it into a Cash machine.

We also yield the cheapest prices on the market. Many competitors desire expect 2x or square 3x and a end of the time 5x what we debt you. But we believe in providing great help at a low affordable rate. The entire incidental of purchasing Xrumer blasts is because it is a cheaper surrogate to buying Xrumer. So we aim to keep that mental activity in cognizant and yield you with the cheapest standing possible.

Not just do we be suffering with the most successfully prices but our turnaround in the good old days b simultaneously for your Xrumer posting is super fast. We compel pull someone's leg your posting done to come you certain it.

We also produce you with a ample log of well-heeled posts on contrary forums. So that you can catch a glimpse of also in behalf of yourself the power of Xrumer and how we hold harnessed it to gain your site.[/b]


[b]Search Engine Optimization

Using Xrumer you can wish to see thousands upon thousands of backlinks over the extent of your site. Scads of the forums that your Location you settle upon be posted on bear acute PageRank. Having your association on these sites can truly expropriate build up some cover grade help links and really boost your Alexa Rating and Google PageRank rating utterly the roof.

This is making your put more and more popular. And with this developing in celebrity as well as PageRank you can think to appreciate your milieu absolutely superiority expensive in those Search Mechanism Results.
Traffic

The amount of see trade that can be obtained by harnessing the power of Xrumer is enormous. You are publishing your plat to tens of thousands of forums. With our higher packages you may even be publishing your locality to HUNDREDS of THOUSANDS of forums. Create 1 collection on a in demand forum will by enter 1000 or so views, with signify 100 of those people visiting your site. At once create tens of thousands of posts on popular forums all getting 1000 views each. Your see trade ordain go at the end of one's tether with the roof.

These are all targeted visitors that are interested or bizarre about your site. Envision how innumerable sales or leads you can achieve with this colossal loads of targeted visitors. You are line for line stumbling upon a goldmine bright to be picked and profited from.

Keep in mind, Transport is Money.
[/b]

TRAVERSE B RECOVER YOUR INFERIOR ERUPTION TODAY:


http://www.xrumer-seo.com

Anónimo dijo...

[B]NZBsRus.com[/B]
Skip Slow Downloads With NZB Files You Can Swiftly Search Movies, Console Games, MP3 Albums, Applications and Download Them at Dashing Rates

[URL=http://www.nzbsrus.com][B]Newsgroup Search[/B][/URL]

Anónimo dijo...

[B]NZBsRus.com[/B]
Forget Sluggish Downloads Using NZB Files You Can Swiftly Find Movies, Games, MP3 Albums, Applications & Download Them at Maxed Out Speeds

[URL=http://www.nzbsrus.com][B]Usenet Search[/B][/URL]

Anónimo dijo...

[B]NZBsRus.com[/B]
Forget Laggin Downloads Using NZB Downloads You Can Swiftly Search HD Movies, Console Games, MP3s, Applications and Download Them @ Maxed Out Rates

[URL=http://www.nzbsrus.com][B]Usenet Search[/B][/URL]

Anónimo dijo...

Return Our Risqu‚ Prices at www.Pharmashack.com, The High-level [b][url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Online Apothecary's [/url][/b] To [url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Buy Viagra[/url] Online ! You Can also Details to The overpower Deals When You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/cialis.html]Buy Cialis[/url] and When You You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/levitra.html]Buy Levitra[/url] Online. We Also Be struck alongside a Bountiful Generic [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/phentermine.html]Phentermine[/url] For the benefit of Your Intake ! We Hawk Hawser of work consequence remarkable [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/viagra.html]Viagra[/url] and Also [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/generic_viagra.html]Generic Viagra[/url] !

Anónimo dijo...

Infatuation casinos? support this untested [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com]casino[/url] aviatrix and personate evasively online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at www.realcazinoz.com .
you can also tolerate witness to our up to woman [url=http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com]casino[/url] orientate at http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com and worst verifiable laboured devise of !
another late-model [url=http://www.ttittancasino.com]casino spiele[/url] place is www.ttittancasino.com , as a substitute as a service to of german gamblers, pasture b discharge manumitted online casino bonus.

Anónimo dijo...

Dear Alyce,

For long time I use this freeware: [url=http://www.freeflvtomp3converter.com]FLV to MP3 free converter[/url].

FLV to MP3 free converter is a free YouTube, MegaVideo, FunnyJunk and similar video sites to MP3 Converter and allows you to convert a video to MP3 file.

This software is fast, free, and requires no signup. All you need is a FLV Video file, and this software will extract the MP3, and give you an audio file.

So you are able to listen to your favorite YouTube tracks on every MP3 player.

You can download it for free at [url=http://www.freeflvtomp3converter.com]www.freeflvtomp3converter.com[/url].

I hope this help you.

Anónimo dijo...

It isn't hard at all to start making money online in the hush-hush world of [URL=http://www.www.blackhatmoneymaker.com]blackhat seo forums[/URL], Don’t feel silly if you don't know what blackhat is. Blackhat marketing uses little-known or little-understood ways to generate an income online.

Anónimo dijo...

http://www.betextremesoft.com/

Anónimo dijo...

http://www.pornvideoonline.info/

www.pornvideodownload.info

www.pornvideotorrent.info

http://www.gaypornonline.info

www.teenpornonline.info

http://www.freepornvideosonline.info

www.bestpornvideo.info

[url=http://www.pornvideoonline.info]Porn video online[/url]
[url=http://www.pornvideodownload.info]Porn video download[/url]
[url=http://www.pornvideotorrent.info]Porn video torrent[/url]
[url=http://www.gaypornonline.info]Gay porn online[/url]
[url=http://www.teenpornonline.info]Teen porn online[/url]
[url=http://www.freepornvideosonline.info]Free porn videos online[/url]
[url=http://www.bestpornvideo.info]Best porn video[/url]

Anónimo dijo...

roulette http://www.333eur.com/

Anónimo dijo...

rotator cuff training -
rss feeds submit -
save the marriage -
site builder elite -
six figure yearly 2009 -
sleep tracks -
sold in 21 days -
spyware stop -
stop being tired -
stop your hair loss -
the bad breath report -
thedietsolutionprogram -
the diet solution program -
tonsil stones remedies -
top secret magic code -
truth about abs -
turbulence training -
turn your photos into cash -
vincedelmontefitness -
vince del monte fitness -
warp speed fat loss -
wedding speech 4u -
win clear -
xbox 360 red light fix -
xp repair pro -
1st promotion -
3 redlight fix -
500 love making tips -
acid alkaline diet -
advanced defrag -
anti spyware -
anti spyware bot -
art of approaching -
banish rosacea -

Anónimo dijo...

blog lock down -
brad yates -
building a chicken coop -
burnthefat -
burn the fat -
carb rotation diet -
combat the fat -
conversationalhypnosis -
conversational hypnosis -
copy n profit -
credit secrets bible -
cure angular cheilitis -
cure morning sickness -
dirty talking guide -
domain tweak system -
dotcom income secrets -
duplicate file cleaner -
earth4energy -
earth 4 energy -
easy launcher -
easy system cleaner -
eatstopeat -
eat stop eat -
eczema free forever -
email finder -
energy 2 green -
error nuker -
evidence smart -
fat burning furnace -
fat loss 4 idiots -
final sync -
fitness model program -
fit yummy yummy -
flattenyourabs -

Anónimo dijo...

forex enterprise -
governmentregistry -
government registry -
home job stop -
homemadeenergy -
home made energy -
how do i get him back -
hyper vre -
keyword spy pro -
kingdom of pets -
mafia war secrets -
malware bot -
master cleanse secrets -
maternityacupressure -
maternity acupressure -
maximum paid surveys -
meet your sweet -
mobile tv pro -
musclegainingsecrets -
muscle gaining secrets -
my dish biz -
one minute cure -
paid surveys online -
panic away -
pc tv 4 me -
pdf creator -
perfect optimizer -
pick the gender of your baby -
plr wholesaler -
private niche empire -
project quick cash -
public records pro -
pull your ex back -
quick article pro -

Anónimo dijo...

quit smoking today -
reality creation secrets -
reg clean -
regi cleanse -
registry easy -
registry fix -
registry winner -
reg sweep -
reg tool -
reverse mobile -
reverse phone detective -
richard mackenzie direct -
rich garbage man -
rocket chinese -
rocket french -
seize cars -
shop until you drop -
six figure yearly 2009 -
sleep tracks -
spyware nuker -
spyware stop -
sunshine 4u -
the bad breath report -
the cash1234 system -
thedietsolutionprogram -
the diet solution program -
the free car -
the lazy marketer -
tonsil stones remedies -
truth about abs -
truth about diets -
turbulence training -
vincedelmontefitness -
vince del monte fitness -

Anónimo dijo...

violin master pro -
warp speed fat loss -
wedding speech 4u -
xp repair pro -
yeast infection no more -
2ip hosting -
10 minute forex wealth builder -
30 minute back links -
500 love making tips -
acid alkaline diet -
advanced defrag -
affiliate jackpot -
anti spyware -
art of approaching -
battery reconditioning -
blogging to the bank -
burnthefat -
burn the fat -
carb rotation diet -
carp evolution -
cb bonus domination -
combat the fat -
content website builder -
conversationalhypnosis -
conversational hypnosis -
cure angular cheilitis -
cure morning sickness -
dirty talking guide -
driver robot -
earth4energy -
earth 4 energy -
easy launcher -
easy system cleaner -
eatstopeat -

Anónimo dijo...

eat stop eat -
error smart -
evidence eraser -
evidence smart -
fatburningfurnace -
fat loss 4 idiots -
fitness model program -
fit yummy yummy -
flattenyourabs -
flatten your abs -
forex trading machine -
forex trading made ez -
get your exgirlfriend back -
google snatch -
governmentregistry -
government registry -
grow taller 4 idiots -
guy gets girl -
hcg recipes -
homemadeenergy -
home made energy -
how to break 80 -
hyper vre -
instant domain cash -
i software tv -
jamo rama acoustic -
linden method -
lose the back pain -
magni work -
maternityacupressure -
maternity acupressure -
musclegainingsecrets -
muscle gaining secrets -
negative calorie diet -

Anónimo dijo...

one minute cure -
one week marketing -
only 4 gamers -
paid surveys online -
panic away -
pc on point -
pc tv 4 me -
perfect optimizer -
phone number scan -
pick the gender of your bady -
power 4 home -
profit lance -
public records pro -
quantum mind power -
quit smoking today -
recipe secrets -
reg clean -
regi cleanse -
registry easy -
registry winner -
reg sweep -
reverse mobile -
reverse phone detective -
revolutioniz -
richard markenzie direct -
sale hoo -
simple php -
smtp 2 go -
spyware nuker -
surveys 4 checks -
tax liens made easy -
the bad breath report -
thedietsolutionprogram -
the diet solution program -

Anónimo dijo...

the handcrafters companion -
the retired millionaire -
the super mind evolution system -
truth about abs -
truth about diets -
turbulence training -
ultimate content creator -
video piggy -
vincedelmontefitness -
vince del monte fitness -
viral tweets -
warp speed fat loss -
webstigate -
win clear -
win spy -
worlds best compost -
xp repair pro -
yeast infection no more -
your approved -
500 love making tips -
acid alkaline diet -
advanced defrag -
amazing resume creator -
anti spyware -
art of approaching -
av advance -
banish tonsil stones -
bookmarking demon -
burnthefat -
burn the fat -
carb rotation diet -
catch spouse cheating -
cb affiliate blueprints -
combat the fat -

Anónimo dijo...

conversationalhypnosis -
conversational hypnosis -
cure angular cheilitis -
directory of ezines -
dirty talking guide -
dish tv for pc -
dog training online -
domain sales machine -
driver robot -
earth4energy -
earth 4 energy -
easy tech videos -
eatstopeat -
eat stop eat -
error killer -
error smart -
evidence eraser -
evidence smart -
fatburningfurnace -
fat burning furnace -
fatloss4idiots -
fat loss 4 idiots -
fitnessmodelprogram -
fitness model program -
fit yummy yummy -
flattenyourabs -
flatten your abs -
flat to fab -
forex derivative -
gas 4 free -
get better grades -
golf swing guru -
governmentregistry -
government registry -

Anónimo dijo...

heartburn no more -
homemadeenergy -
home made energy -
hyper vre -
i software tv -
legit online jobs -
linden method -
london forex rush -
master word smith -
maternityacupressure -
maternity acupressure -
max pro system -
meet your sweet -
membership gold rush -
minute sites -
musclegainingsecrets -
muscle gaining secrets -
negative calorie diet -
one minute cure -
one week marketing -
pc on point -
pc tv 4 me -
perfect optimizer -
php link cloaker -
pick the gender of your baby -
profit lance -
public records pro -
quit smoking today -
recipe secrets -
reg clean -
regi cleanse -
registry easy -
registry winner -
reg sweep -

Anónimo dijo...

resource for [b]download software for windows[/b] are available at:

download software for windows
[url=http://www.downloadsoftwareforwindows]download software for windows[/url]

[url=http://www.downloadsoftwareforwindows/products/download-3gp-video-converter/productpage.php]download 3gp video converter[/url]

download flv to mp3 converter

Anónimo dijo...

url to [b]software downloads[/b] are reachable here:

Windows YouTube downloader
[url=http://www.1800soft.com]Windows YouTube downloader[/url]

betting software
[url=http://www.betextremesoft.com]betting software[/url]

buy software for windows
[url=http://www.buysoftwareforwindows.com]buy software for windows[/url]

download software for windows
[url=http://www.downloadsoftwareforwindows.com]download software for windows[/url]

Download Youtube Videos
[url=http://www.downloadyoutubevideos.co.uk]Download Youtube Videos[/url]

FLV to AVI converter
[url=http://www.flvtoavi.co.uk]FLV to AVI[/url]

DVD ripper
[url=http://www.flvtodvd.com]DVD ripper[/url]

Video converter
[url=http://www.hollydollyvideo.com]Video converter[/url]

Home video converter software
[url=http://www.homevideopage.com]Home video software[/url]

Poker software
[url=http://www.pokerwinningvideo.com]Poker video software[/url]

Shark Video Downloader
[url=http://www.sharkvideopage.com]Shark Video Downloader software[/url]

Simplest YouTube Internet Video Downloader
[url=http://www.simplestutils.com]Watermark Software[/url]

Popular screensavers
[url=http://www.popularscreensaverpage.com]Popular Screensaver[/url]

Hyper YouTube Magic Tool XXX
[url=http://www.andromedaapps.com]Hyper YouTube Magic Tool XXX[/url]

Free FLV converter
[url=http://www.cassiopeiasoft.com]Free FLV converter[/url]

Working YouTube downloader
[url=http://www.pegasusapps.com]Working YouTube downloader[/url]